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Paradoxe entre l'amour de Dieu et sa Justice?

 

Comment ELOHIM peut-Il désirer le salut des pécheurs et les condamner? N’est-ce pas paradoxale de dire que ELOHIM est amour et justice en même temps? ​

Plusieurs païens disent que YAHWEH est un ELOHIM colérique, méchant, cruel, et rancunier qui voit ses créatures comme de la racaille. Ils conçoivent mal la croix salvatrice, car selon eux YAHWEH a abusé de son propre fils pour apaiser toute la colère qu’Il avait en l'être humain. Ils s'unissent pour parler contre YAHWEH et dire que YESHUA était une victime impuissante injustement puni et torturé par son méchant Père. D’autres disent même qu’ils sont plus aimant que YAHWEH car contrairement à lui, eux ne punirait jamais indéfiniment leurs enfants. Ils le traitent avec dédain et désobéissance, et ne veulent pas qu'Il règne sur eux.

 

La problématique de cette largeur d’esprit est que de tels raisonnements échouent à la compréhension de ce que la colère divine accomplit.

 

Selon le contexte biblique, la justice et l’amour sont deux notions divines fondamentales qui ne sont pas créés par les humains.

  • Psaumes 89:14 "La justice et l'équité sont la base de ton trône. La bonté et la fidélité sont devant ta face."

 

En tant que porteurs de l'image de YAHWEH, ces sentiments sont son empreinte dans nos cœurs. Voila pourquoi l’envie d'aimer et se sentir aimer ainsi que le besoin de justice sont constamment présent dans nos relations humaines. Nous sommes juste comme Lui. Voici une analogie simple qui prouvent cela: un proche que vous aimez énormément vous cause du tort, malgré l'amour que vous avez pour cette personne vous aimeriez quand même que le mal ne reste pas impuni. La punition peut se traduire par un refus de lui adresser la parole, une réprimande, des poursuites judiciaires, etc.

  • Romains 2:15 'Ils montrent que l'oeuvre de la loi est écrite dans leurs cœurs, leur conscience en rendant témoignage, et leurs pensées s'accusant ou se défendant tour à tour."

L’Amour de YAHWEH

En tant qu’humain, notre amour pour nos prochains est soit conditionné par des sentiments affectueux, soit le résultat d’une réaction émotionnelle à une situation ou une attirance physique. Toutes ces formes d'amour, quand elles sont vraies et justes, sont enracinées dans YAHWEH lui-même.

 

Mais l'amour de YAHWEH n’est pas juste sentimentaliste, c’est un amour absolu car Il nous donne le libre-arbitre total, nous demande juste d'avoir foi en Lui, de le respecter en tant que le Créateur et d’aimer nos prochains comme lui nous aime. Il a établit une relation d'alliance avec son peuple qui consiste à diriger son amour et sa fidélité vers les gens pour leur bien. Et à leur tour les gens témoignent librement de leur amour et fidélité envers Lui et ses préceptes. Même lorsque nous le rejetons, le calomnions, ne lui donnons aucune importance, ne cherchons ni ne désirons pas notre propre bien ou celui des autres, Il ne nous abandonne pas et continue à désirer notre bien.

  • Esaïe 30:18 "Cependant l'Éternel désire vous faire grâce, Et il se lèvera pour vous faire miséricorde; Car l'Éternel est un Dieu juste: Heureux tous ceux qui espèrent en lui!"

La Justice de YAHWEH

Lorsqu'on pense au mot justice on considère l'équité et l'égalité de traitement des personnes mais aussi les répercussions bonnes ou mauvaises qu'entraînent nos actions.

 

La Justice de YAHWEH englobe l’application de la Loi et le Jugement:

 

► Sa Justice est le fondement et le résultat qui mène à la paix: état de plénitude spirituelle, et de bien-être pour les personnes, individuellement et collectivement.

  • Psaumes 119:165 "Il y a beaucoup de paix pour ceux qui aiment ta loi, Et il ne leur arrive aucun malheur."

  • Ésaïe 32:17 "L'oeuvre de la justice sera la paix, Et le fruit de la justice le repos et la sécurité pour toujours."

  • Proverbes 3:1-2 "Mon fils, n'oublie pas mes enseignements, Et que ton cœur garde mes préceptes; Car ils prolongeront les jours et les années de ta vie, Et ils augmenteront ta paix"

 

► Sa Loi est parfaite en matière d’intention et d’équité, car sans cela nous vivrons dans l'anarchie totale sans aucune capacité à distinguer le bien du mal.

  • Romains 7:7 "Mais je n'ai connu le péché que par la loi. Car je n'aurais pas connu la convoitise, si la loi n'eût dit: Tu ne convoiteras point."

 

► Son jugement impartial et équitable produit des conséquences pour nos libres choix. Ce n'est pas simplement un ensemble de règles et punitions. Il est flexible et compatissant dans un contexte de grâce pour ceux qui sont lésés et pour ceux qui sont fautifs. Pour nous humain, il nous est impossible d'atteindre pleinement ce même genre de justice équitable. 

YAHWEH ne fait pas éclater sa colère dans une soudaine crise de rage. Il supporte, endure, observe patiemment et longuement les choix et décisions que nous prenons et nous préviens de différentes façons. Si Il trouve un cœur disposé à l’aimer totalement et inconditionnellement Il se révèle en cette personne, la guide et la protège dans ses voies.

  • Psaumes 11:4 "L'Éternel est dans son saint temple, L'Éternel a son trône dans les cieux; Ses yeux regardent, Ses paupières sondent les fils de l'homme."

  • Psaumes 33:13-15 "L'Éternel regarde du haut des cieux, Il voit tous les fils de l'homme; Du lieu de sa demeure il observe Tous les habitants de la terre, Lui qui forme leur cœur à tous, Qui est attentif à toutes leurs actions.

  • Hébreux 4:13 "Nulle créature n'est cachée devant lui, mais tout est à nu et à découvert aux yeux de celui à qui nous devons rendre compte.”

 

Pour ces raisons, la Justice et l’Amour de YAHWEH se renforcent mutuellement et sont destinés à être complètement en harmonie.

  • 1 Jean 3:10 "Quiconque ne pratique pas la justice n’est pas de Dieu, non plus que celui qui n’aime pas son frère."

 

Si YAHWEH n'était pas courroucé et ne punissait pas le péché alors son amour et sa justice ne sont pas vrais. En d'autres termes, l'injustice faite aux innocents sur terre resterait à jamais impunie et ceux qui mettent leur foi et leur confiance en YESHUA ne seront pas éternellement mis à l'écart du mal.

 

La croix salvatrice est le point focal de toute l’histoire humaine car c’est le lieu où deux concepts apparemment opposés et irréconciliables ont été réunies: L’amour de YAHWEH pour sauver les justes et les victimes, et sa justice pour condamner les transgresseurs de la Loi. Sans la croix salvatrice la notion d'amour ne serait que sentimentalisme et il n'y aurait que jugement et punition après la mort physique. 

  • Colossiens 1:19-21 "Car Dieu a voulu que toute plénitude habitât en lui; il a voulu par lui réconcilier tout avec lui-même, tant ce qui est sur la terre que ce qui est dans les cieux, en faisant la paix par lui, par le sang de sa croix. Et vous, qui étiez autrefois étrangers et ennemis par vos pensées et par vos mauvaises oeuvres, il vous a maintenant réconciliés par sa mort dans le corps de sa chair "

Ceux qui tentent d’utiliser le sacrifice de YESHUA comme un argument pour réfuter l’amour de YAHWEH, doivent surtout réaliser que c’est YESHUA même qui jugera sévèrement toutes paroles injurieuses prononcés contre son Père.

  • Jean 5:21-22 “Car, comme le Père ressuscite les morts et donne la vie, ainsi le Fils donne la vie à qui il veut. Le Père ne juge personne, mais il a remis tout jugement au Fils."​​

  • 2 Corinthiens 5:10 “Car il nous faut tous comparaître devant le tribunal de Christ, afin que chacun reçoive selon le bien ou le mal qu'il aura fait, étant dans son corps.”

  • Actes 10:42 “Jésus nous a ordonné de prêcher au peuple et d'attester que c'est lui qui a été établi par Dieu juge des vivants et des morts.”

 

Alors faisons attention que nos paroles dites sans discernement ne nous condamnent pas.

  • Matthieu 12:36-37 “Je vous le dis: au jour du jugement, les hommes rendront compte de toute parole vaine qu'ils auront proférée. Car par tes paroles tu seras justifié, et par tes paroles tu seras condamné.​​"

lvb-love&justice

Is it fair for a loving God to punish eternally for temporal sins committed on earth?

 

YAHWEH loves his creatures dearly and reaches out to people in multiple ways, urging them to repent and reconcile with him. He has no desire to see anyone thrown into hell. In fact, YAHWEH does not send us to hell but rather we send ourselves there. You may wonder just how?

Human beings are mainly composed of three elements: the body, the soul and the spirit.

  • The body is connected to earth and the material realm. It allows us to differentiate ourselves from one another.

  • The soul which belongs to the spirit does not die. It is the soul that stores our feelings, our conscience and our free will, it is where our personality is forged.

  • The spirit which does not die ties us to YAHWEH.

When we violate YAHWEH's Law, there is an automatic separation between our spirit and that of our Creator. The sinful soul becomes obscured and ashamed because it has violated the holiness of The Most High. In such condition, the sinner will consciously or unconsciously begin to deny, reject and forsake the Spirit of Truth by fabricating all kinds of doctrines, theories and reasons as justification for his or her iniquities and hardens himself or herself in his or her evil ways. YAHWEH in return withdraws His guiding hand and that person is now given over to his own lusts and desires. This is strongly felt by Christians who already have a sound knowledge of the word of truth.

  • Romans 1:21-24 "For although they knew God, they neither glorified Him as God nor gave thanks to Him, but they became futile in their thinking and darkened in their foolish hearts. Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images of mortal man and birds and animals and reptiles. Therefore God gave them over in the desires of their hearts to impurity for the dishonoring of their bodies with one another."

  • Romans 1:28 "Furthermore, since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, He gave them up to a depraved mind, to do what ought not to be done. They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed, and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, and malice. They are gossips, slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant, and boastful. They invent new forms of evil; they disobey their parents They are senseless, faithless, heartless, merciless. Although they know God’s righteous decree that those who do such things are worthy of death, they not only continue to do these things, but also approve of those who practice them."

 

So when a truly saved Christian, who has received holy forgiveness of his sins and experienced the power of the Holy Spirit, makes the conscious decision to forfeit his salvation and returns to his former life, he now becomes an apostate. By his actions, he is exposing YESHUA to shame.

  • Hebrews 6:4-6 "It is impossible for those who have once been enlightened, who have tasted the heavenly gift, who have shared in the Holy Spirit, who have tasted the goodness of the word of God and the powers of the coming age— and then have fallen away—to be restored to repentance, because they themselves are crucifying the Son of God all over again and subjecting Him to open shame.…"

 

In His infinite love, YAHWEH sent His only begotten Son on earth to show us the right way and to provide us with the opportunity to be redeemed. Nevertheless, righteousness is the foundation of YAHWEH's throne and in spite of His love He cannot let wickedness go unpunished.

  • Psalms 97: 2 "Clouds and darkness surround Him; righteousness and justice are His throne’s foundation."

 

Otherwise why would YAHWEH have established laws and commandments that humans can just violate without any risk of judgement? Why would a parent establish rules under his or her roof if the children can disobey those rules without any repercussions?

When God forbids sin it is because he himself cannot sin. When we sin we "defy" His holiness. Thus, He must punish ungodliness because the sinner has violated His holy character, and if He does not deal with it, then He is condoning what is unholy to Himself. 

If you admit that according to our terrestrial judicial system the severity of a crime is not measured by the time it took to commit that crime, but then argue that hell or eternal damnation are too long for temporal sins committed while on earth, your argument is very flawed.

Think about this analogy, if in a split second: 

  • You slap your child you will make him or her feel very sad. 

  • You slap your mother or father it's a bad, shameful and dishonorable act.

  • You slap your boss, it's a serious offense, you will certainly lose your job.

  • You slap the president of the republic it is a very serious crime, you are liable to imprisonment for a long time.

You have committed the same act in the same lapse of time but the consequences are more severe depending on the status of the person you have slapped. Similarly, when we go up the chain of command to the infinite ELOHIM of the universe, it is not too difficult to see that the consequences are also infinitely amplified.

 

The reason why YAHWEH would eternally punish man for temporal sins committed on earth is not based on the severity of the sin but rather against whom the sin has been committed, since our offense is against an infinitely Holy God, the consequence is also infinite, and that is why eternal hell exists.

But what about those who don't believe in His existence?

YAHWEH is an objective truth that transcends our own subjective feelings or desires. The Bible tells us that the knowledge of His existence is evident all around us and everything around creation is enough to inform us He does exist. He has put enough intelligence in us to understand that nothingness cannot create anything and to question the evidence that science cannot prove or explain. Therefore, those who ignore or pretend not to believe in the existence of YAHWEH have no excuse.

  • Romans 1:20-21 "For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood from His workmanship, so that men are without excuse. For although they knew God, they neither glorified Him as God nor gave thanks to Him, but they became futile in their thinking and darkened in their foolish hearts."

  • Psalm 53:1 "For the choirmaster. According to Mahalath. A Maskil of David. The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt; their ways are vile. There is no one who does good."

But what about those who have never heard of YESHUA and the gospel, or who have committed sins of which they are not aware?

Those who think that YESHUA is not the only way to God the Father have a distorted or wrong perspective of the Justice of YAHWEH, for they do not comprehend the importance of the saving cross. All will one day have to stand before the throne of YESHUA even those who have never heard of Him. These people will be judged according to their conscience, the intuitive sense of right and wrong that each person has and the way they have lived. But YESHUA is the ONLY one who can forgive and erase the transgressions of those who have heard of Him, read the Gospel and chosen to follow Him while they were still alive.

 

To better understand this, let's take the example of indigenous people living in remote Amazonian forests. In order for these natives to live in harmony among themselves in their environment, there will always be laws within the native community prohibiting certain wrongdoings against their own. These indigenous people may not know YESHUA but they are not ignorant of the concept of right and wrong and they will be judged according to what they knew.

YAHWEH is righteous, and no one will be thrown into hell for doing something they had absolutely no idea was wrong.

  • Romans 4:15 "because the law brings wrath. And where there is no law, there is no transgression."

 

However, anyone who acts against their conscience will have to account for it one day.

  • Romans 2:12-16 "All who sin apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who sin under the law will be judged by the law. For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but it is the doers of the law who will be declared righteous. Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law. Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law. So they show that the work of the law is written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts either accusing or defending them on that day when God will judge the secrets of men according to my gospel, by Christ Jesus."

 

We must also remember that YAHWEH has his ways of communicating his presence to people all over the world. There are many instances where YAHWEH has revealed Himself to those who do not have the "normal" revelation of Scriptures through dreams and visions, and they are able to come to the knowledge and belief in YESHUA.  

In the book of Romans, Paul pointed out the fact that the Lord will look at what people have done with their privileges and opportunities, and He will be completely impartial and fair. Those who have possessed His Word and the law of verses, will be held accountable for their response to it. Those who have never received any special revelation will be held accountable only for what they knew. Sheol will be a place of fair treatment. The Bible teaches that there will be different levels of punishment. Before anyone goes in, there will be a final judgment to determine the proper degree of punishment they will receive. The Lord will be perfectly fair. 

  • Luke 12:46-48 “The master of that servant will come on a day he does not expect and at an hour he does not anticipate. Then he will cut him to pieces and assign him a place with the unbelievers. That servant who knows his master’s will but does not get ready or follow his instructions will be beaten with many blows. But the one who unknowingly does things worthy of punishment will be beaten with few blows. From everyone who has been given much, much will be required; and from him who has been entrusted with much, even more will be demanded."

Acceptance of YESHUA and repentance are requirements for the forgiveness of sins. Repentance is the act of sincerely regretting the sin of your past with the goal of not committing it again. It is the decision to turn away from wickedness and return to YAHWEH.

  • Luke 15:10 "In the same way, I tell you, there is joy in the presence of God’s angels over one sinner who repents."

  • Luke 24:46-47 "And He told them, “This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, and in His name repentance and forgiveness of sins will be proclaimed to all nations, beginning in Jerusalem."

  • Acts 3:19 "Repent, then, and turn back, so that your sins may be wiped away,"

May the Holy Spirit guide you through the understanding of this message.

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